Ghost signs, ghost ads & other phantoms
Featured Fade – Bryan or McKinley for President: F.W. Day for Dry Goods – Clothing – Carpets – Carson City, NV @NevadaWolf w/Interactions from @Fuzzygalore @aroundcarson @ghostsigns #rockads
— NevadaWolf (@NevadaWolf) November 22, 2013
— Ghostsigns (@ghostsigns) November 30, 2013
— NevadaWolf (@NevadaWolf) November 30, 2013
The color picture [above] was taken by me, Teri L. The book the black and white photo came out of is called: Remember When: Celebrating the History of Carson City 1858-1950. The picture is located on page 101 and is credited to “Fred Willis Day Collection, Nevada State Museum”.
I first saw the ad when looking for a nearby geocache. The only part that was visible was the top half showing the candidates names and F W Day, but graffiti and the sun had obscured the rest. I didn’t think much of it because the black and yellow sign was still vibrant so it didn’t seem old. The significance didn’t click until I was looking through the Carson City historic photographs book and saw it in full and was able to make out the rest of the sign. Interesting that it says “Bryan or McKinley for President”.
The cliff wall it is on faces northwest and is tucked in a bend of the canyon (completely hidden from the modern road that passes nearby). The election was in 1896, which makes the vibrant colors very impressive if they are original.
A bit of history on Clear Creek Rd…
In the early 1860′s there were two main routes from Carson City to Spooner Summit, King’s Canyon Rd and Clear Creek Rd. In 1861 (1862?) Rufus Walton built a steep dirt path down Clear Creek Canyon, known as the Walton Toll Road. The Lake Bigler (Tahoe) Toll Road Company – owners of the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road – bought Walton’s route in 1863 to connect it to the more developed King’s Canyon route. Until 1875, most traffic went through King’s Canyon though some still favored the other road. In 1875 a flume was constructed to haul lumber from Glenbrook down to Carson City where it would be transported to the mines in Virginia City. The road in Clear Creek was improved and became the main route up and down the mountain. That is until the automobile arrived in 1913 when the King’s Canyon route was linked to the Lincoln Highway. However, that route remained only a graded dirt road and in 1927 the Nevada Highway Department paved and improved the Clear Creek route for use as the new US Highway 50. It remained the primary route, once again, until the modern highway was built in 1957, completely realigned and widened in anticipation of the 1960 Olympics in Squaw Valley.
Hope that helps somewhat to place the painting into its correct context. The two routes are so intertwined I had to research when each was used as I could only find reference to Clear Creek after 1928, which didn’t make sense if the election was in 1896. And most books and articles say King’s Canyon was the main route until 1875. There is a gap between 1875 and 1913 when the Lincoln Highway connected Carson City to Spooner Summit via King’s Canyon. I know the flume was constructed down Clear Creek and found that date to be 1875. Since that construction coincides with the decline of traffic on King’s Canyon, I can only presume that access was improved since lumber was the biggest business in the region due to the mines of the Comstock. - Teri L, November 29, 2013
….the Apollo probably exerted a greater influence upon popular culture than any other entertainment venue in the world. For blacks it was the most important cultural institution–not just the greatest black theatre, but a special place to come of age emotionally, professionally, socially, and politically. Ted Fox, “Showtime at the Apollo”
Hotel Theresa: the Waldorf of Harlem – Trivia-
Fidel Castro and his staff came to New York in 1960 when he was to address the United Nations. They first checked in to the Shelburne Hotel at Lexington Avenue and 37th Street but moved to the Hotel Theresa when the Shelburne demanded $10,000 for alleged damage that included cooking chickens in their rooms. The Theresa was the beneficiary of the worldwide publicity when Nikita Khrushchev, the premier of the Soviet Union; Jawaharlal Nehru, the prime minister of India; and Malcom X, all visited Castro there. Castro’s entourage rented eighty rooms for a total of $800 per day. – Famous Hotels dot org
- Apollo Theatre History – Official Website
Barrington Hall Soluble Coffee Tin Filled with WWII Philadelphia Minted 1944 Coins from The Netherlands
Tonight we went to my mother’s house to help her organize her linen closet and drawers in her kitchen and we found this tin that belonged to my grandfather, Frans Ludwig Broekveldt, II.
Baker and Company produced a soluble coffee labeled as Barrington Hall. During World War II, the United States government took over Baker and Company to produce K rations for Allied Troops. – Treasure Trove -The National Museum of Military History (NMMH) Diekirch
Soluble Coffee and Products a Staple After War PRODUCTION capacity has been tripled by- producers of soluble coffee and … General Foods and Barrington
-Hall are expected to compete for the soluble coffee and soluble coffee products business American Institute of Food Distribution., 1944 - Weekly Digest – Volume 33 – Page 25
The coins bearing the fourth portrait of Wilhelmina, from 1922 to 1945, were downgraded to 0.720 silver, which lowered their weight to 9.9g. Three different privy marks were issued: a seahorse from 1922 to 1931, grapes from 1938 to 1940 and an acorn from 1941 to 1945. During the Nazi German occupation of the Netherlands, no guilder coins were issued of the zinc coins circualted by the Nazis, but Dutch guilder coins were struck in the United States. In 1943 they were struck at theDenver Mint in Colorado and in 1944 at the Philadelphia Mint in Pennsylvania and the San Francisco Mint in California. In 1945, 25,375,000 were issued in Philadelphia. – Wikipedia
How will the new FDA trans fat ban impact the 144 year old margarine industry?
According to that inimitable news agency FOX NEWS, the five top foods that will be affected are:
- Microwave popcorn
- Cookies and crackers
- Refrigerated dough and pie crust
- Coffee creamers
- & Margarines!
Now granted, I’ve always hated margarine since I was a very young child when my Oma used to roll out the Blue Band Margarine (Unilever) for our breakfast sandwich, which the Dutch call a boterham (which literally means butter-ham and whose etymology is still unknown according to a Dutch Wikipedia article, with original spellings being boteram or boterram). Even after spreading the oleo over the milky white slice of Dutch bread and slathering it with chocolate sprinkles, hagelslag (colored sugar crystals), powdered cheese, or muisjes (which literally means ‘little mice,’ and are identical to the delicious multicolored sugar-coated anise seed sprinkles that Americans are accustomed to scooping up on their way out of Indian restaurants as an after-dinner condiment) – I still wasn’t having it. Dutch butter is so delicious, I couldn’t understand why my grandmother still used margarine.
In retrospect, I realize that during WWII, there weren’t any available dairy products, let alone any available food. My mother and her family literally starved during the last winter of the German occupation of Amsterdam in 1944, surviving solely on tulip bulbs dug up from neighboring frozen gardens and rotting potato peels rummaged from garbage pails. After the blockades were lifted during the Liberation by the Canadians and British troops, margarine became wildly popular in the Netherlands because it was cheaper than butter and already had been part of the Dutch menu for over 60 years.
Margarine was invented in France when in 1869, Emperor Louis Napoleon III offered a reward to anyone who could develop a cheaper version of butter to be rationed to the military and also sold to the lower classes. The result was oleomargarine (which was mostly made of hydrogenated animal fat), an invention of French chemist Hippolyte Mège-Mouriès who after two years of failed marketing in France sold his patent to the Dutch company Jurgens, which since has also been engulfed by Unilever. In the article Labour Relations in the Dutch Margarine Industry 1870-1954, Marlou Schrover explains the following about the burgeoning margarine industry:
Wars on the continent made transport difficult, and between 1865 and 1870 a cattle-plague in England diminished home production. The demand remained high and prices soared. A whole market for cheap butter threatened to be lost. Dutch traders sought for a cheap alternative to butter. This brought forth a new product, a mixture of purified fat, flavouring and colouring, which was marketed as butter until governments forbade this and enforced the name ‘margarine.’
Production of margarine was first taken up on an industrial scale by the two biggest Dutch butter traders: Jurgens and Van den Bergh. Jurgens and Van den Bergh merged in 1927 forming the Margarine Unie. Two years later, this firm, the world’s largest margarine producer, combined with the world’s largest soap producer, the British Lever Brothers, to form Unilever.
And according to the article on oleomargarine in Wikipedia, in that same year a German pharmacist from Cologne named Benedict Klein ”founded the first margarine factory Benedict Klein Margarinewerke, producing the brands Overstolz and Botteram.”Botteram? Perhaps this is from where the Dutch name for sandwich originates! It would make sense since often names of products we use get their monikers from their branding, as in Scotch tape or Bandaids.
The problem with margarine, which since 1950 no longer contains hydrogenated animal fat but almost strictly uses hydrogenated vegetable oils, is the hydrogenation process – which produces trans fat as a by-product. During the hydrogenation process, unsaturated oils which are normally liquid at room temperature have hydrogen passed through it in the presence of a “nickel catalyst,” which saturates the oil molecules with hydrogen causing their melting point to rise, thus hardening them so they don’t melt at room temperature. Today precious metals like palladium, platinum and rhodium are used as a catalyst instead of non-precious nickel which requires higher temperatures for the process to occur. The absence of a catalyst would require temperatures of 480°C / 900°F for hydrogenation to occur. The precious metal catalysts require lower temperatures and less energy.
The problem with this process are the by-product molecules that are produced. Not all of the molecules are fully saturated and are incompletely hydrogenated. The cis versions of these molecules are found in nature and are easily handled by the human’s metabolically – but the trans versions of these incompletely hydrogenated molecules, which are mirror images of the natural molecules, are potentially dangerous to humans and are implicated in cardiovascular disease and higher risks of heart attacks. Metabolic disease expert Dr. Henry Pownall states that “artificial trans fatty acids are no longer needed in advanced technological societies.” In an online article New FDA Proposal Trying to Eliminate Trans Fat published by Science Daily on November 11, 2013, it was reported that according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “reducing trans fat consumption by avoiding artificial trans fats could prevent 10,000-20,000 heart attacks and 3,000-7,000 coronary heart disease deaths each year in the United States.” Margarine consumption, as well as many other foods that contain trans fats from donuts to artificial creamers, are the culprits of poor lipid levels in the blood and obesity. Trans fats are poisons and removing them from our diets will be a step towards a healthier society, although it wouldn’t eliminate them totally since trans fats are also found in nature in animal fats – especially when they are heated.
So where does this leave the margarine industry? Many brands of oleo spreads have been vegan alternatives for a few decades, such as products like I Can’t Believe It’s Not Butter, Promise, and Earth Balance, which purport to have zero grams of trans fat, yet have between 3.5 to 4.5 grams of saturated fat – the same amount as butter! Julia Child NEVER used margarine and it is no mystery as to why the nascent margarine industry failed miserably in France. Butter is better. Sorry Oma, give me that rich yellow and creamy Dutch cows butter, of course, in moderation. Even ants don’t eat margarine!
SOURCES & RECOMMENDED READING
- Oleomargarine – Wikipedia
- Hydrogenation – Wikipedia
- Boterham - Wikipedia NL
- Sara Albee Books – Believe It’s Not Butter- September 26, 2012
- Science Daily – New FDA Proposal Trying to Eliminate Trans Fat - November 11, 2013
- Fox News (ugh) – 5 foods that face changes with trans-fat ban – November 8, 2013
- Blue Band Website - NL
- Labor Relations in the Dutch Margarine Industry – Open Access – Leiden University NL (PDF)
- Better: Trans-fat-free sticks – Health dot com
- If margarine is healthier, why won’t ants eat it? - Christine Cronau
Uptown Correspondent – Iman R. Abdulfattah – Minton’s Playhouse – Up At Minton’s, Romare Bearden – Harlem, NYC
This old dive in Harlem has been shuttered for about as long as it had been open. Yet Minton’s Playhouse will always be known as the cradle of bebop, where the likes of Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk and Charlie Parker jammed into the night….Efforts to revive Minton’s Playhouse, on West 118th Street in Harlem, have sputtered throughout the years. – from Hoping a Good Meal Revives a Harlem Jazz Spot By Kia Gregory for The New York Times, Published: January 6, 2013
Romare Bearden (September 2, 1911 – March 12, 1988) was an African-American artist and writer. He worked in several media including cartoons, oils, collage. Born in Charlotte, North Carolina, Bearden moved to New York City at a very young age and went on to graduate from NYU in 1935. – Wikipedia
There is lilt
A language of darkness
Darkness sharpened at Minton’s
Darkness lightened at the Cotton Club
Sent flying from Abyssinian Baptist
To the Apollo.
- Excerpt taken from Walter Dean Myer’s epic poem, Harlem (Caldecott Honor Book) 1997, beautifully illustrated by his son Christopher Myers.
In early August 1991, the body of twenty-eight year old restaurateur Mark Raffone was found by divers near the Marine Power & Light Corporation boatyard. Raffone was abducted two weeks earlier by a 36 year old homeless woman and two teenagers, according to Jacques Steinberg of the New York Times. ¹
I could find no other information about this organization except for the fact that it has been closed for some time now. Plans for using this site for a future park was found on the North Shore Waterfront Conservancy of Staten Island website. Here is an excerpt from their site:
Future Park in West Brighton
The North Shore Waterfront Conservancy is working with the Trust for Public Land, local elected officials and residents on the creation of a 9 acre waterfront park. The site is the former Marine Power and Light Marina and is located west of Snug Harbor at Richmond Terrace and Tompkins Court. The park will allow for community access west of Snug Harbor and greatly enhance the quality of life for the residents of West Brighton and the entire North Shore. With funding rom Citizen’s Committee of New York, the NSWC will conduct community planning workshops this fall. – NSWC-SI
Also at Kevin Walsh’s Forgotten-NY!
Here come old flattop, he come moving up slowly…” Come Together, John Lennon
The building at 150 Front Street features five-to-one common brick bond construction and a central gable-roofed monitor extending the length of the building between Front Street and the Staten Island Railway viaduct. Corbelled cornices ornament the monitor’s gable end as well as the two flanking one-story structures and the eastern portion of the southern elevation facing Thompson Street. Raised letters stating the year “1912” and the name “Jaburg Bros.” occupy the monitor peak.
Based upon the dated cornice, 1912 likely was the year the larger monitor structure at 150 Front Street was built. Both buildings appear on 1917 insurance maps. Insurance maps indicate that Jaburg Brothers manufactured bakers’ machinery, utensils, and woodenware (Sanborn 1917). A good example of early-twentieth-century industrial architecture, the 150 Front Street building has previously been determined eligible for listing on the S/NR. The eligible property consists of the entire lot. - NEW STAPLETON WATERFRONT DEVELOPMENT PLAN, FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
- Jaburg Bros., Inc., 94 Hudson. Tel. Walker 2600 – WHITE-ORR’S 1930 CLASSIFIED BUSINESS DIRECTORY–NEW YORK CITY SECTION – Bklyn Genealogy